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Psilocybin can inhibit the processing of negative emotions in the amygdala

By youniverse on Friday, 09 May 2014, hits: 4842

 

In a study titled 'Psilocybin-Induced Decrease in Amygdala Reactivity Correlates with Enhanced Positive Mood in Healthy', researchers at the Psychiatric University Hospital of Zurich found that psilocybin influences the amygdala, thereby weakening the processing of negative stimuli.

This study has made headlines on various news sites, including Science Daily, Psych Central, and many others.

The full text, along with other related studies, can be viewed here. What follows is the Abstract:

Abstract

Background

The amygdala is a key structure in serotonergic emotion-processing circuits. In healthy volunteers, acute administration of the serotonin 1A/2A/2C receptor agonist psilocybin reduces neural responses to negative stimuli and induces mood changes towards positive states. However, it is little-known whether psilocybin reduces amygdala reactivity to negative stimuli and whether any change in amygdala reactivity is related to mood change.

Methods

This study assessed the effects of acute administration of the hallucinogen psilocybin (0.16 mg/kg) vs. placebo on amygdala reactivity to negative stimuli in 25 healthy volunteers using blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging. Mood changes were assessed using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and the state portion of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. A double-blind, randomized, cross-over design was used with volunteers counterbalanced to receive psilocybin and placebo in two separate sessions at least 14 days apart.

Results

Amygdala reactivity to negative and neutral stimuli was lower after psilocybin administration than after placebo administration. The psilocybin-induced attenuation of right amygdala reactivity in response to negative stimuli was related to the psilocybin-induced increase in positive mood state.

Conclusions

These results demonstrate that acute treatment with psilocybin decreased amygdala reactivity during emotion processing, and that this was associated with an increase of positive mood in healthy volunteers. These findings may be relevant to the normalization of amygdala hyperactivity and negative mood states in patients with major depression.

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